5 ways threat actors can use ChatGPT to enhance attacks

The Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) has revealed five ways malicious actors can use ChatGPT to enhance their attack toolset in a new report exploring the cybersecurity implications of large language models (LLM). The Security Implications of ChatGPT document details how threat actors can exploit AI-powered systems in different aspects of cyberattacks, including enumeration, database assistance, reconnaissance, phishing, and code generation polymorphic By examining these issues, the CSA said it aims to raise awareness of potential threats and emphasize the need for strong security measures and responsible AI development.

Certain sections of the document include brief risk reviews or countermeasure effectiveness ratings to help visualize the current levels of risk associated with specific areas and their potential impact on the business.

Adversary AI attacks and social engineering powered by ChatGPT were named among the five most dangerous new attack techniques used by threat actors by cyber experts at the SANS Institute at this week’s RSA conference .

Improved enumeration for finding attack points

ChatGPT’s improved enumeration to find vulnerabilities is the first attack threat that the report covers, classified medium risk, low impact, and high probability. “A basic Nmap scan identified port 8500 as open and revealed that JRun was the active web server. This information can be used to learn more about the network’s security posture and potential vulnerabilities,” says l report

ChatGPT can be used effectively to quickly identify the most frequent applications associated with specific technologies or platforms. “This information can help understand potential attack surfaces and vulnerabilities within a given network environment.”

Help on foot for unauthorized access

Foothold assistance refers to the process of helping threat actors establish an initial presence or foothold within a target system or network, with ChatGPT Enhanced Foothold Assistance rated as medium risk, medium impact and medium probability. “Usually, this involves exploiting vulnerabilities or weak points to gain unauthorized access.”

Copyright © 2023 IDG Communications, Inc.

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In an age of information-driven attacks, threat actors are looking for new and innovative ways to maximize their impact. A recent development is ChatGPT, an artificial intelligence chatbot designed to mimic human conversation to help attackers gain access to systems or take control of a user’s account. Here at Ikaroa, we have identified five key ways that threat actors can use ChatGPT to enhance their attacks:

1. Social Engineering: ChatGPT can be used to convince victims to provide confidential information. This could include login credentials, financial records and other personal data. ChatGPT can mimic a real person and imitate the tone and manner of their conversations to fool the victim into handing over sensitive data.

2. Spear Phishing: ChatGPT can be used to identify targets within organizations to exploit with malicious emails. By mimicking the communication patterns employees are used to, ChatGPT can recognize organizational structure and employees’ job roles. This allows malicious emails disguised as messages from legitimate senders to be prepared and sent.

3. Spreading Malware: ChatGPT can be used as a platform to spread malware. This could include malicious links, malicious documents and other malicious code. Once opened, these downloads or links can install malicious software on the victim’s computer or take control of their system.

4. Targeted Attacks: ChatGPT can be used to tailor the attack against a specific target. This could include detailed personal information on the target, such as their name, address and banking information. ChatGPT can use this data to get a deeper understanding of the target and modify the attack accordingly.

5. Fake Profiles: ChatGPT can be used to create false profiles on various platform such as social media and link sharing sites. These profiles can be used to spread malicious links, phishing pages, and other malicious content.

At Ikaroa, we believe it is important to be aware of all the potential ways of attack, so that organizations can take the appropriate preventative measures to ensure their systems and data remain secure. We encourage all organizations of any size to take stock of their security measures to see if they are at risk of a ChatGPT attack.


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